Why environmental conflicts?
WHAT IS AN ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT?
An environmental conflict is a particular social conflict characterised by:
A. The qualitative or quantitative reduction of available environmental resources (water, biodiversity, arable land, raw materials and other finite common goods) due to the imposition of profitable projects by multinational companies and/or inappropriate policies by Governments, International financial organisations.
B. The escalation of protests by local residents and/or larger opposition movements in civil society, in an effort to protect the environment, common goods and people’s rights.
WHY THIS FOCUS ON ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICTS?
Because the increased level of environmental and social conflicts threaten the culture, lifestyles and often the existence of many local communities, particularly in the global south.
Often these conflicts are a symptomatic manifestation of global model of economic development based on the exploitation of natural resources, disregard for people’s rights and lack of social justice.
Giving voice to these communities and explaining the details of these conflicts helps them regain power in decision-making process and create a model of active democracy enabling them to help protecting their own territory and environment.